Friday, July 17, 2009

electric shock

Electrical Shocks and Their Results

An electrical shock occurs when an individual comes in contact with two conductors of a circuit. The electrical shock damages are originated by lightning or any electric current from some mechanical equipment passing through the human body. The natural behavior of electricity is to flow from earth or ground toward anything that will conduct the electricity flow. Therefore, experts say that electrical systems must be grounded.

Electricity accidents have fatal results most of the time. A severe electrical shock could cause burns, heart and lungs stop functioning, and nerves damage. In the United States, around 1,000 deaths are caused by electric shocks. The severity of the injury depends on the voltage, the amperage, the type of current, and the body’s resistance. The voltage does not constitute a difference because low voltage could be as dangerous as high voltage. Some people have been killed by shocks of just 50 volts. The brain, the spinal cord, and nerves are the most vulnerable parts to be injured. The neurological problems are the most common consequences of electrical shocks. Some of them could be treated with medical treatment; however, others are permanent. Usually, these problems appear after three years or more.

Respiratory and cardiovascular systems are very susceptible at the moment of the electrical shock. In fact, this kind of accidents could paralyze the lungs and heart actions causing the death immediately. Unfortunately, the amputation is normally required. The smaller veins and arteries dissipate heat less easily than the larger blood vessels and can produce blood clots.

After an electrical shock accident, the person requires close and frequent observation. The person’s condition can fluctuate rapidly. The Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) could be required to check some brain injuries. Normally, the electrical shock survivors have to attend a burn center because skin replacement therapy is necessary. Plastic surgery is another solution. Nevertheless, emotional support from relatives and friends are the best treatment for people who have suffered an electrical shock.

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